The supply of plumbing equipment is huge. When buying a mixer, several parameters need to be taken into account: control method, material, mounting options for the device, price.
Types of bath faucets
Two-valve - equipped with two handles for separate supply of hot and cold water. The bath mixer with a shower is of two types: with a rubber gasket and ceramic inserts. Each model has advantages and disadvantages.
When operating the cock-box with rubber cuffs, it is necessary to make 2-4 turns for opening / closing water. The bathroom faucet device is simple - the gasket is pressed against the valve seat inside the faucet and overlaps the water.
Advantages of the device: gaskets are made of different rubber, are cheap, easy to change.
Disadvantages: a short service life of the gasket, in order to open / close the valve, it is necessary to turn the valves several times, and they lose their smoothness over a period of time.
To control the crane with ceramic inserts, it is enough to make a half turn of the handle. The bathroom faucet device is simple - ceramic plates with holes, one of which is fixed on the rod, and the other - in the case of the axle box. When you move the handle is the combination / divergence of the holes in the ceramic plates. Advantages: long service life, the possibility of replacing ceramic inserts, smooth running parts.
Disadvantages: higher price, recommended installation of the filter.
A single lever bath mixer with a shower allows you to smoothly adjust the water supply with one handle. Due to the special features of the rotary structure, it is possible to simultaneously control the water pressure and control its temperature. Cranes are equipped with two types of mixers: ball and cartridge.
In ball rotary models, the main element is a metal ball having three holes. Advantages of the device: slight wear during active operation, reliable sealing, durability. Minus - salt deposits make it difficult to turn the crane during stagnation.
Models with cartridges are equipped with special ceramic plates with holes. Advantages of the swivel model: ease of control (lighter than ball designs), durability.
Disadvantages: sensitivity to mechanical impurities in water, cost.
Thermostat - allows you to supply water at a given temperature thanks to two adjustment knobs. One controls the pressure, and the other controls the water temperature. The advantage of a thermostatic mixer: comfortable operation (you can adjust the temperature once and then adjust only the pressure of the water), the arrangement of a special security system. The disadvantage of thermomixers is the high cost.
The cascade bathroom faucet does not stand out by any special internal device, it can be controlled by a valve or cartridge. A distinctive feature is the width and shape of the spout. Thanks to them, the water from the tap flows in the form of a waterfall. Advantages: increased capacity, the possibility of installation on board the bathroom. Some designs have the optional hydromassage option.
Popular are several options for the installation of plumbing fixtures. There are two types of bathroom faucets:
- open (mounted) - fixing support is the end of the pipe to which the device is screwed. The body of the crane is located in open space;
- hidden (mortise) - the device is located in the wall niche, only the spout and the regulating elements remain visible.
Depending on the installation site, several groups of mixers can be distinguished: wall, floor, table.
Wall mounted installation
This is the most common option. To such models it is easy to connect a shower watering can. The advantages of shower mixers: a wide range of models, the possibility of mounting the device with a long spout (about 30 cm), simple installation / replacement of the faucet.
The main requirement for installation - reliable vertical fixation of pipes. In a special niche, you can install a built-in mixer (two-fan, single lever).
This method of installation is not suitable for old brick houses in which there may be gypsum wall partitions. If you install a built-in cascade mixer, then filling the bath with water in the form of a waterfall looks very impressive.
Floor standing bath mixer
This is a design in the form of a shower column, which is fixed on the floor with a special mounting plate. Pipe-risers can be located both on the same stand, and on different. Since the connection to the cold / hot water is made below, the water supply system is pre-laid horizontally (in the screed).
The hidden arrangement of plumbing systems in the floor is a major advantage. Such mixers are recommended to be installed in large rooms. It is advisable to entrust the installation to a professional, since the cranes are not cheap, and during installation it is necessary to monitor the stability of the crane.
They are mounted to the bath bowl with fasteners. Mortise mixer on board the bath is suitable for installation on plumbing, which already has mounting holes. If there are no holes, they must be drilled by hand.
Mixers for acrylic baths can be installed anywhere in the tank. Connection to plumbing systems is made under the bowl of the bath using flexible hoses. Mixers for corner baths or Jacuzzi set predominantly mortise way.
The choice of material of the body of the mixer
The service life of the equipment is determined not only by the design features, but also by the quality of the hull, components. Moreover, manufacturers use both natural and artificial materials.
Cranes with plastic housing
Plastic casing taps are one of the cheapest products. Since their appearance is not a guarantee of strength and durability, when buying a product it is better to prefer ABS plastic. It belongs to high-strength and eco-friendly plumbing materials. Advantages of the product: ease of care, low cost, corrosion resistance.
Stainless Steel Bathroom Faucets
Stainless steel bathroom faucets can be considered a classic. The universal model is equipped with a long spout (about 30 cm). This faucet is installed in areas where the bath and washbasin are located nearby. Advantages: durability, reliability, affordable price, simple maintenance, a wide range of products (it is easy to pick up a tap for any interior). Chrome coating gives the product a beautiful shine. You can also choose a faucet with a matte finish. The disadvantages include: sensitivity to water (especially containing impurities harmful to the metal), you can not use cleaners with abrasive additives.
Bronze bathroom faucets
Bronze (an alloy of tin and copper) is also a traditional material for the manufacture of sanitary appliances. More popular is an alloy in which there is at least 60% copper. For the production of high-quality devices using an alloy, where copper is about 80%.
To facilitate processing and to give a matte surface a varied decorative look, additives of silicon, zinc, manganese are introduced. Bronze bathroom faucets have the following advantages: long service life, durability, exquisite appearance, resistance to corrosion and chemical or mechanical stress. Disadvantages can be considered a high price, sensitivity to poor quality water. To prevent the surface from fading, the taps are rubbed with a special compound. Such products harmoniously support the style of Provence and fit perfectly into the classic interiors.
Brass mixers (an alloy of copper and zinc) somewhat resemble bronze products and are cheaper. Advantages of the material: resistance to corrosion and limescale, durability, high wear resistance. To enhance the strength of the product outside covered with a layer of chromium. The disadvantage is the high price (compared with steel counterparts).
Manufacturers also offer individual models of mixers made of pure copper or silver. Such cranes can be attributed to the exclusive, distinguished by a high price. In the production of special attention is paid to the decorative component. When buying a copper tap, it is also necessary to take into account that after some period its surface is covered with a special patina - patina.
How to choose a bathroom faucet with a shower?
When purchasing plumbing, it is desirable to give preference to models that harmoniously combine design and functionality. Single-lever swivel models are easy to use, but require pre-treatment of water from mechanical impurities. Double-lever taps look pretty casual, but they work fine in hard water.
In small rooms, where the sink is installed next to the bathroom, it is advisable to install a faucet with a long spout, which will allow you to conveniently use any container.
For bathrooms, designed in the style of minimalism, high-tech, it is better to select the taps of geometric shapes, decorated with chrome. Cascade bathroom mixer with a waterfall effect will organically fit into a restrained atmosphere.
Exquisitely emphasized classic-style design two-valve mixers made of brass or bronze. Cranes covered with white ceramics look very stylish.
When buying a bath mixer with a shower, it is advisable to purchase mounting parts from the same collection.
Bathroom faucet rating
A lot of manufacturers make sanitary devices. As a rule, each company has a variety of budget models and exclusive.
Grohe is a German manufacturer associated with reliability and quality. All products are made from modern materials and have a quality guarantee of 5 years. The company seeks to meet the needs of customers with different financial capabilities.
Оras is a Finnish company that puts maximum effort into creating high-tech devices. Plumbing equipment is able to: “remember” the water temperature, comfortable for residents; regulate water pressure, eliminate the possibility of skin burns.
Roca - Spanish company produces luxury plumbing equipment. The latest development is a hybrid mixer operating in two modes (conventional, electronically controlled).
The appearance of the faucet is difficult to judge about its quality, therefore, it is desirable to purchase bathroom equipment of well-known brands. The criteria for assessing the merits of plumbing for each consumer and their own and give the palm to any one company would be wrong. The best option is to get acquainted with the products of five or six well-known manufacturers, and only then make a choice.