Painting the walls yourself is a great creative work to make your fantasies come true and create comfort in the house. Painted surfaces - this is convenient, if they get dirty, you can safely wash them. Even with mechanical damage, you can always paint over the damaged part of the wall.
The most widely used alkyd paints and water emulsions.
By water-based paints include:
- Acrylic - well covered walls, very resistant, no unpleasant odor;
- Vinyl - give the walls a pleasant matte finish, combined with various types of surfaces. Disadvantages: badly pass water vapor, and the surfaces covered with them are easily contaminated;
- Acrylic-vinyl paint - have the properties of the two previous types;
- Latex - very durable, have excellent coating characteristics, dries quickly. Disadvantage: characteristic odor;
- Acrylic-latex - very durable, they are used for painting rooms with high humidity. Ideal for corridors and staircases.
Usually water paints are white. To get different colors, they add color.
Some prefer mineral water dispersion emulsions. They are:
- Lime (based on hydrated lime) - the surfaces painted by them cannot be washed, so now they are rarely used, although their price is budget;
- Silicate (based on lime and liquid potash glass). The coating is resistant, easy to clean and has vapor transmission. These paints are more often used for painting facades;
- Cement (binder - cement). Coverage get resistant, but the color quickly fade.
A separate group consists of alkyd enamel paints. Unlike aqueous emulsions, they are diluted with acetone or special solvents. These paints perfectly hide stains. They usually paint wooden walls. These include:
- Oily or chlorinated rubber paint. Coatings are durable, shiny and washable.
- Acrylic enamels - resistant to abrasion, allow the walls to "breathe."
- Structural - this is an innovative paint, they give the walls a decorative texture. Special tools are used to apply thick, plastic mass. These paints allow you to realize any decorating idea.
Proper preparation allows you to paint the interior walls without streaking and avoid errors that may require several hours of tedious cleaning. Also, preparatory work helps to ensure the quality and durability of the painted coating.
How to paint the walls with water-based paint? First prepare the room for repair. Take out all the decorative objects, remove the curtains. Ideally, it is better to remove sockets, switches, handles and locks from the doors, or to disguise them.
Furniture can not bear, but simply move away from the walls and cover. Cover the floor with paper or plastic wrap.
Here are a few key steps to take when preparing walls for painting:
- First, clean the surface of the walls. Use a stiff brush to remove dripping and splattering plaster. New and wet plaster may have alkalis, so paints that are solvent based cannot be used. This applies to all types of walls.
- If the surface is repainted, carefully scrape off the peeling paint layer and putty on the unevenness formed.
- Then level the surface with fine sandpaper.
- Fully prime the entire wall to create a smooth, matt-free surface on treated areas.
- A previously painted wall that is in good condition can be simply washed or vacuumed out.
If you decide to paint on the wallpaper, check how firmly they are glued. If they never lag behind the wall, painting over the wallpaper is allowed.
Before painting the wall it is necessary to dry it as best as possible. After you have fully prepared the wall and room, you can begin painting the walls.
Stir the paint thoroughly before use. You can use an electric drill for this. Acrylic paints are usually sold thick, before applying the first layer can be diluted with clean water. Information on the required proportions can be found on the packaging of this paint.
Pour the finished paint into a bucket or paint tray. If paint remains in the can, carefully close the can so that the paint does not dry out.
Choose paints only for interior work, because the house should be environmentally safe. Information on the flow and the required number of layers, the drying time of the paint is on the package.
If you decide to apply paint with a roller, first paint with a brush near the outlets and switches, behind the batteries and near the baseboards. On the bucket, install a wire mesh, with its help you can remove excess paint. On the paint tray there is already a ribbed part, after immersing the roller in the paint, move it up and down the ribbed part of the tray, this will help remove excess paint and achieve its even distribution. How to paint a concrete wall? Coloring the walls start from the windows, and finish near the door. To paint the walls with water-based paint without streaks, alternately draw with a roller vertical and horizontal stripes. The roller evenly sticks to the plane and distributes the paint itself.
For painting walls with water-based paints, a felt roller is most suitable. If you are using a new roller, roll it over the adhesive side of the tape to remove any lint.
How to paint brick walls
Whitened brick walls have become a popular and fashionable interior decoration. How to paint a brick wall? When coloring it, consider a few important details:
- Clean the surface with a metal brush and wash the wall with soapy water. To all the moisture out of the pores, will have to wait at least a week.
- Putty large flaws.
- Choose a paint: Acrylic or oil paints are good for painting bricks.
- Prime the brick wall, select the primer taking into account the choice of paint. Primer applied with a thick layer. Do not start painting until it is completely dry and will create a durable water-repellent film.
Experts recommend to paint a brick wall with a brush. The direction of staining is horizontal. You can paint and roller, to get a trendy effect carelessly knurled layer.
To obtain the effect of old masonry is recommended to apply paint with a sponge. With the help of a sponge you can add spots of a contrasting color to the wall.
Painting the walls in the bathroom
The bathroom with painted walls looks beautiful, but because of the high humidity, painting the walls of the bathroom requires special attention. How to paint the walls in the bathroom? It is important to choose the right paint suitable for painting walls in wet areas and eliminate dampness and fungus.
In such places there is always a reason for waterlogging, which must be eliminated before painting begins. The presence of mold or mildew on the walls may be due to constant smudges or due to lack of proper ventilation in the room, as well as due to hydraulic problems.
You can use a sponge, cloth or brush to remove mold. After machining, thoroughly dry the area and treat with antiseptic. For the future, make free air circulation in the bathroom so that the mold does not reappear. It is better to paint the walls in the bathroom with the help of a roller.
How to paint the walls in the kitchen? The best paint for kitchen walls, which is not washed off for a long time and is easy to clean. Kitchens, like bathrooms, mist over fairly quickly, so it is better to paint them with latex or acrylic-latex paints, which perfectly resist moisture and grease, are easy to clean. These paints absorb moisture well and prevent mold.
Alkyd paint walls, if you want a glossy shine walls. They are not afraid of excessive humidity, but they give off an unpleasant odor when drying, so they can be painted only in a well-ventilated room.
How to paint the walls in the nursery? For a child's room, you need to choose the right water-based paint labeled KID or "for children's rooms" on the package. They are very convenient to use, quickly applied to any surface, it is absolutely eco-friendly and non-toxic.
If your child is allergic, buy special hypoallergenic paints, they include silver ions. The surface painted with such paints does not absorb dirt and has a bactericidal effect.
Knowing some tricks, how to properly paint the walls inside the room, you will be able to upgrade your house and get results as good as professional ones.