A well-known material for leveling walls, fixing gaps or covering up seams is putty. It is a mixture that is applied before painting, sticking wallpaper and other construction and repair types of work.
They are classified according to several criteria:
- by composition;
- by particle size;
- to destination.
Depending on the composition of the putty split: plaster, cement and polymer.
Gypsum plaster The most common, easy to apply and grind. Its main property is whiteness and plasticity. Gypsum absorbs and releases moisture from the air, so the putty of this material is suitable for any premises.
Cement putty mainly used in the repair of premises with high humidity.
Polymer putty It is used for finishing works in premises that are to be completed, it is also convenient to use for puttying joints and seams.
Drywall is very convenient and practical of building materials. It is used for ceilings, walls, frames, partitions when repairing an apartment. After plastering walls or ceilings, it is necessary to putty on any irregularities that are visible on sheets of drywall.
When leveling drywall apply different types of putty. The first step is to evaluate the sheets. If the drywall sheet is flat, then it will be enough to cover up the screwing points of the screws and the place where the sheets are joined.
Putty for painting and sticking wallpaper
Before painting the walls and the ceiling or gluing them with wallpaper, as mentioned earlier, it is necessary to putty all the irregularities. Sometimes they also putty in order to paint or lay down well.
In a separate group, you can make putty on wood. They contain synthetic resins and pigments. Pigments allow you to get different shades of wood.
To date, there are only two types of putty on wood: solvent-based and water-based. These types are divided into the following types:
- Solvent-based fillers are used only in production. They are toxic and unsafe for humans. But the advantages include: a variety of wood shades, resistance to different temperature conditions and quick drying.
- Acrylic putty used mainly for decorative coating of floors made of wood. The advantages of this putty are that it is moisture and fire resistant, but it does not fix large defects.
- Hard putty from epoxy resins practical. It is odorless and does not settle on drying. When hard putty wood floor is better not to use.
- Latex putties are versatile and ideal for working with wood surfaces. They are considered environmentally friendly, odorless and dry very quickly.
- Oil putties for wood are considered strong and durable, but they dry for a long time.
- Gypsum wood putty is the cheapest and evens out any wooden surfaces.
These are all kinds of putty on wood that currently exist.
Increasingly, putty was used to decorate the walls and ceilings of apartments. The stores offer a wide selection of decorative putty. Consider the main types of decorative putty in composition and texture.
The composition of the following decorative putty:
- mineral plaster consisting of sand, gypsum and limestone. They are not expensive. But after applying this decorative putty, you must also apply a protective layer in order to prevent anything from falling.
- Polymer putties have high plasticity and resistance. They consist of acrylic, epoxide.
- Silicone putty is considered the most expensive, but not destroyed and durable.