Redevelopment of the kitchen as a way to improve the performance of the space belongs to the demanded interior procedures. Besides expanding not only compact kitchen space. Owners make changes to the configuration of the walls of small and spacious kitchens, equip the combined functional areas in order to increase the comfort and efficiency of operation.
Overview of reconstruction options
Combining a functional area with an adjacent room is most common, usually such repairs take the living room. This is a convenient solution, as it allows you to equip an extensive dining room, but it is not always feasible: in prefabricated houses, the wall is often a carrier, it can not be completely removed.
Joining the useful area of the balcony is reduced to the expansion of the light opening and the transfer of the furniture. If this is a loggia, additional warming and an increase in useful functionality are permissible.
In the corridor and other non-residential spaces it is impossible to equip the dining area, but directly cooking and accompanying manipulations are permissible here.
In the vacated kitchen area it is forbidden to equip residential areas, although by law you can place a dressing room or study room, workshop here. The space left for cooking and washing dishes must meet safety standards - have light sources, properly located engineering networks.
What should be considered when implementing the planned redevelopment of the kitchen?
Combining a kitchen with an adjoining room allows you to organize a comfortable space with a functional cooking area and a spacious dining area. It is also easy to equip the kitchen-living room with an appropriate interior or decorate the kitchen-workshop. At the same time, unnecessary corridors are eliminated, the potential of the useful space in the apartment is significantly expanded.
What if you need to tear down the capital wall to merge the kitchen with the living room or another adjoining room? Such a redevelopment option requires coordination in the responsible instances, like any other way of making changes in the design. If it is a bearing wall, then its demolition will break the frame stiffness of the entire building, which is fraught with serious consequences. To implement the idea of such a union is very difficult to obtain permission. Even with a positive outcome of the case, it is permissible only to organize an opening in the capital wall with its mandatory reinforcement.
Dismantling works are carried out by specialists and only on the basis of an approved redevelopment project. The document contains the calculations of the design institute, which specifies the permissible dimensions of the opening and recommendations for the dismantling of the wall with subsequent work to strengthen the structure.
In case the dismantling of the partition wall that is not bearing is required to merge the kitchen and the adjacent room, redevelopment should also be agreed upon.
Is it possible to redevelop the kitchen with a gas stove?
The presence of gas equipment imposes special restrictions on the redevelopment of the kitchen in the apartment. We will have to fulfill a lot of requirements in order to get permission to merge the food unit with an adjacent room:
- If a partition is on the way to the realization of the idea of redevelopment, in theory it is easier to get permission for dismantling work than in the case of the main wall. At the same time, it will not be possible to fully combine the gasified kitchen with the room, since this is prohibited by sanitary standards. It is necessary to divide the rooms with a movable partition or to organize an opening with a tightly closing door. Most owners install on the line of demarcation of two design spaces with transparent or translucent Plexiglas canvases.
- Another way of combining a gasified room with a room is to turn off the gas. After the gas service staff has brewed the knees of the gas pipeline, only an electric stove can be used. In this case, it will be possible to legitimize the redevelopment of the kitchen and combine the area of the two rooms.
Meanwhile, the gas off in a separate apartment is associated with additional costs. In some cases, this procedure is not feasible due to the engineering features of the pipeline.
Features of the kitchen extension
As practice shows, the kitchen is not only combined with adjacent rooms, but also increase the area of the catering unit due to the adjacent territory. With this expansion, it is also necessary to fulfill the requirements of the regulations. For example:
- Partition transfer You can add part of the adjacent room to the kitchen, reducing the living space by no more than 1/4.
- When transferring partitions on these added squares can not be placed kitchen equipment. This means that the stove and sink remain in the same area. But in the updated interior of the kitchen, you can expand the work surface or organize a comfortable dining area.
- Housing legislation allowed to add non-residential premises to the kitchen. These are corridors, storerooms or dressing rooms.
- The regulation prohibits the extension of the kitchen at the expense of the bathroom.
It is worth remembering that for any type of redevelopment, approval is required from the competent organizations with documentary evidence. In this case, you need to be prepared for possible difficulties in selling housing with redevelopment.
Many believe that joining a balcony will help solve the problem of a shortage of kitchen space. However, the balcony slab is a separate structural element that is not able to withstand the weight of insulated walls. This design is not designed for the load in the form of winter glazing. Another thing is a loggia, in this case a legalized union is possible.
Popular redevelopment options for a kitchen with a loggia:
- replacement of a non-bearing wall with French curtains in the form of a sliding glass partition or installation of double-glazed windows with a door;
- the organization of a lunch zone on the additional platform.
Here, as an example, the transfer of a part of kitchen furniture to a loggia is given, which makes it possible to free up space in the kitchen for comfortable operation.
In order to combine functional zones, first of all it is necessary to take care of high-grade insulation. Experts recommend to pay attention to the plastic windows. It is advisable to warm the wall under the frame from the outside using foam and siding trim. If space permits, the inner surface and ceiling are also insulated with insulation, for example, penoplex. In some cases, it is possible to install underfloor heating, a more common budget option is a “pie” made of bitumen mastic, foil and insulation.
Such redevelopment of the kitchen in the panel house requires coordination, and besides, the partition cannot be completely removed: its lower part can be used as a table top or as a base for a decorative stained glass window. After cutting a part of the wall, the room is trimmed with plasterboard and the interior is created using painting, wallpapering, and installing wooden or plastic panels.
According to the standards of housing legislation is not allowed to transfer the kitchen in the living room. However, homeowners on the ground floor are allowed such redevelopment. In this case, the actions are limited only by the specifics of connecting to the engineering infrastructure.
According to the regulations, the kitchen can be transferred to the non-residential part of the apartment. For example, it is allowed to organize a kitchen niche in the hallway in the presence of a spacious entrance area. The kitchen in the hallway is a functional space with an electric stove, hood and sink. It is noteworthy that the kitchen-niche can be arranged in a room without a window, but for a standard kitchen with a dining table, according to standards, natural light is required.
Most often, in arranging the entrance of the kitchen in the corridor, folding door structures or compartment doors are used, similar to the dressing room. When organizing construction work, it is necessary to take care of the possibility of connecting the kitchen niche to the communication systems.
In the old place of the kitchen, you can equip an additional bedroom, living room, workshop or study. It’s worth remembering that, according to the regulations, the location of the kitchen area above living rooms is prohibited, therefore in the documents it’s better to call the room uninhabited, unless the apartment is located on the top floor of the house.
Redevelopment of the kitchen in Khrushchev
When re-planning the small-sized kitchen in the Khrushchev, the owners have to “squeeze” the maximum potential of the space, applying the actual options for organizing the area.
Combining the kitchen with the living room
The dismantling of the adjacent non-bearing wall allows you to successfully solve the problem of lack of space in the kitchen area. After repair with the demolition of the partition, which is carried out only with obtaining permission for the procedure, of course, the total square of the kitchen-living room in the Khrushchevka will not change. At the same time, you can bring the dining group to the guest part of the territory, freeing up space for the working area. The updated kitchen will be visually more spacious, the perception of space will improve.
The advantages of combining a kitchen with a living room in a small apartment also include the fact that excellent conditions are created for family communication. You can simultaneously prepare and monitor children who are engaged in creativity or active games. In the combined kitchen-living room it is comfortable to meet guests, organize holidays and celebrations.
Meanwhile, redevelopment of the kitchen in the kitchen-living room is fraught with disadvantages. Due to the absence of a partition, food smells will spread throughout the area. The problem is partially solved by installing a powerful hood over the hob. Although if you eat in the guest part, you will have to put up with such troubles as culinary flavors in the textile decoration of the combined interior. Another, no less significant minus in the piggy bank of the combined kitchen-living room is the noise from the water and the working appliances somewhat disturb the harmony and interfere with the rest of the household.
Kitchen redevelopment options
Owners of apartments with small kitchens often want to sacrifice the space of living rooms, which include living rooms and bedrooms. Some plan the expansion method, while others decide on drastic measures in the form of transfer of a functional zone. Since there are a lot of problems with obtaining permission for the desired changes, when choosing kitchen renovation options, you should know government regulations.
Combining a kitchen with a living room
The implementation of the project is possible only in some cases. If the wall between the rooms is not capital, then it can be demolished. If it is a supporting structure, then there is little likelihood of permission even for cutting the doorway. In the buildings of the Brezhnev era between the kitchen and the room there are capital walls, the dismantling of which is fraught with violations of the frame structure. In most prefabricated houses, almost all walls are considered load-bearing, it is difficult to redevelop here, and in Khrushchev's buildings such changes are quite possible.
According to government regulations, the unification of the kitchen area with adjacent living space is possible only in an apartment with two or more rooms. Owners of one-room housing can bypass this rule in several ways:
- leave a small piece of the partition in the form of a vertical narrow canvas on an adjacent wall, which will be nominal evidence that these are two different rooms;
- leave part of the partition 80-90 cm high and use as a basis for organizing an additional work surface or a bar table;
- visually delineate the space of functional areas with the help of finishing the floor and walls.
The use of these techniques has a positive effect on creating an interesting interior in the combined kitchen-living room.
Such redevelopment is justified if the housing is intended for a student, elderly couple or single person, newlyweds or a family without children. In other cases, the unification of the kitchen with the only living room may be accompanied by a decrease in the quality of life of the household.
An excellent way out of the situation is the organization of space with the effect of the isolation of individual platforms. Here, the separation with the help of mobile partitions, screens and furniture structures is actual in order to create conditions of increased comfort in the room with the intersection of functional zones.
To carefully consider the features of the arrangement of the working space, you need to start with a definition of needs. Interior designers advise to take a sheet of paper and formulate suggestions on the following points:
- what kitchen functions will become basic;
- how much and often in the family cook;
- whether there are guests, if yes, how many people;
- how to organize leisure;
- Is a separate zone planned as an office?
Answers to these questions will help to correctly zone the kitchen after redevelopment, correctly install lighting and appliances, and choose furniture. Zones that are not needed are derived from the project.
In particular, if you do not take long meals and tea with guests, it is better to replace the dining table with a bar. Тем, кто готовит много и с удовольствием, нужно включить в особенности перепланировки максимально функциональный, соответственно, и габаритный кухонный гарнитур. Если в семье кулинария далеко не на первом месте в списке интересов, будет достаточно компактной варочной поверхности и минимума мебели. В любом случае в кухонной зоне должна быть в удобном месте размещена столешница длиной 60-80 см.
The housing converted into a studio in the old fund and progressive new buildings are subject to the same standards regarding the placement of a bathroom and a kitchen. Even the sink is not always possible to move to another place, as there are difficulties with summarizing communications. Often, in order to equip the correct drain, during the repair you need to change the floor level or additionally introduce a sewage pump.
If the studio turned the old Khrushchev, equipped with a gas stove, for example, and a column, the cooking zone should be isolated with the help of sliding doors or a dense partition. This item is one of those possible nuances of redevelopment of the kitchen, without which the repair will not agree. In new buildings, electric stoves are usually installed immediately; here the partition is mounted at the request of the household.
Kitchen zoning in one and two-room apartment, fully or partially converted into a studio
Properly designed repair project allows to achieve such an effect, when the functional zones smoothly merge into one another. Borders can be conditional and real - it all depends on the size and configuration of the apartment. In small studios, the need for zoning is usually to isolate the cooking zone from the resting place. In the spacious housing can be divided into areas and nutrition unit, and the rest of the site.
For this purpose, use the following techniques:
- a dining table or sofa as a border marking;
- the creation of a kitchen island to separate the dining room;
- a classic solution - a bar counter with chairs;
- low-cost coupe doors or more presentable tempered glass sliding partitions;
- built-in partition at 2/5 of the height of the walls, equipped with a table top;
- split ceilings. They are not suitable for Khrushchev with a miniature kitchen in 5 square meters. m, but in new buildings successfully hide communications passing through the ceiling.
- Zoning is necessarily complemented by non-uniform lighting and flooring.
If a non-standard layout is conceived, it is better to order the furniture - so there are more chances to get the optimal ratio of storage areas and working surfaces. Built-in kitchen - a convenient solution