Russian stove is a unique and self-sufficient phenomenon both in culture and in the domestic aspect. The Russian tile stove initially consisted of a hearth on which food was prepared, and a sunbed where it was possible to rest. In modern apartments, these attributes are much more compact, but no less functional and spectacular.
The great history of the Russian hearth
Russian stove has always been universal. For our great-grandfathers, it served as a hearth, a heating device, a stove, and a bedroom, and simply an integral part of the decor in the house.
The earliest types of stoves were decorated with terracotta tiles. Then the heating systems were decorated with self-supporting tiles, which gave rise to the term "tile stove", where the original elements were the main building and finishing material.
XVII century - the heyday of the tile kiln art in the Russian state. The Moscow Kremlin, the Trinity-Sergius Lavra, many monasteries and temples became centers where glazed tiles adorned all the free space.
In the 18th century, Peter I officially banned the construction of "black" stoves, inclining Russian people to build fireproof heating structures. The ruler, especially to European culture, launched the production of "Dutch" tiles of snow-white tiled finish with cobalt painting.
Technical progress has displaced furnaces from dwellings. Tiled stoves and fireplaces began to gain popularity only the last few years. They are not so loaded in terms of functionality, but as a decorative element they look just amazing.
Tiles are volumetric products, which significantly distinguishes them from heat-resistant ceramic tiles. On the one hand, they are equipped with a rumba - this is a box with holes, which together with the wire are a specific fastening system. In the process of masonry, the master will be able to connect all the elements together in a single structure.
Thus, behind the decorative facing fabric, an “air cushion” is formed. Against the background of increasing thermal inertia of the furnace device, more economical fuel consumption is also observed.
Hot air completely fills the free space under the tiles. This allows for uniform heat distribution over the entire area of the heating installation. It is noteworthy that the surface of the tile does not heat up to an unsafe state. It is impossible to burn when touched.
The technology of creating such a spectacular lining is quite complicated. Especially when it comes to exclusive design compositions. The sculptor or artist initially carefully draws all the details.
When the sketch is ready, the moulder (mold maker) makes molds or cliches for shaped tile products. The casts are filled with clay. Usually for these purposes use the best types of chamotte clay composition.
Tiles required time are maintained in drying chambers with a given temperature-wet mode. This is followed by processing in an electric furnace. Products are fired by relatively high temperatures.
Finishing samples of modern heating devices
Today in the modern interior you can find tiled fireplaces and stoves, decorated with luxurious tiles. Increasingly, designers use a bath stove with a tiled finish as the main decorative element in saunas or baths. Consider the main options in more detail.
Furnace devices usually have a tremendous ability to accumulate heat, giving it extremely long. Furnace properties are directly dependent on the area of construction. The larger the heating sheet, the warmer it will be in the room.
Tiled stoves are good because they can be used all year round: in winter and in summer. In addition, the laying of tile stoves implies a complete environmental friendliness. Such devices are effective, durable and economical.
Modern designs are formed in such a way as to consume a minimum of fuel. At the same time, there are universal models that can work both on wood, that is, renewable biofuel, and on other alternative energy sources.
In the interior of a modern country mansion or a comfortable country house fireplace is more common than a stove. This element represents the comfort of home, gives the whole room a special charm, respectability and sophistication. Tiled fireplaces - the top of sophistication and fancy gloss.
There are two main types of fireplaces:
- With an open firebox;
- With closed firebox.
The first option is represented by a combustion chamber, designed in the form of a niche. She laid out fireclay bricks and refractory finishing materials. Fireplaces of open type work by radiant heat energy.
Tiled design in the traditional native Russian style is used today. However, there are many different variations in style and in the presentation of the decor.
The most popular traditional solutions are the following options:
- Plant patterns consisting of leaves and flowers or whole inflorescences;
- Ornaments used in a particular region;
- Complex relief patterns;
- Narrative compositions on historical themes, festive directions or stories about epics and fairy tales.
Rich decor, exuding Old Russian flavor, is chosen less frequently. Still, such a bright attribute does not always look organic against the background of modern interior design. More concise options are much more appropriate.
Native style stoves with tiles - Russian ethnic. However, a harmonious design, good quality materials, a well-thought-out design of the heater itself make it possible to create amazing design installations of various stylistic directions.
Especially popular stylistic concepts:
- Panel compositions;
- Oriental motifs;
- Art Nouveau;
- Ecological loft;
- European country.
The “birthplace” of the finishing material also influences the stylistic presentation. Tiles from the town of Delphi are traditionally decorated with cobalt painting. For the Flemish school is characterized by the use of blue and chocolate ornaments on a white canvas or canvas "ivory".
According to the type of the front surface, terracotta and majolica products are distinguished. In the first case we are talking about non-glazed tiles. Majolica elements glaze, acquiring a special gloss and color. Particularly elegant look stove devices and fireplace portals, decorated with porcelain tiles or faience products.
By type and format of laying, the following types are distinguished:
Usually at least 2-3 different types of finishing materials are required to finish a stove or fireplace. So the corner elements allow you to fix the sharp edges of the fireplace. Shaped tiles are suitable for finishing smooth canvases. By means of eaves elements complex decorative elements of the stove or fireplace portal are made.
It should be understood that the tiles are not used on the same principle as tile. With the help of rumpa and wire elements are fixed to the fabric of the furnace directly in the process of construction of this design. Thus, the finished heater is enclosed in a “tiled box”.
You can choose absolutely any place to install a heater with tiles. It can be the center of a straight wall, and a nook in the room. Fireplace portals look spectacular in the center, in the middle of the wall, but the stove is better placed in the corner.
Tiles - it is original and original, practical and stylish. The original lining contributes to the long service life of the furnace. With this design, you can not be afraid that there will be a thermal overload, leading to an overstrain of the internal masonry. Effective and practical way of refining the furnace surface will appeal to all without exception.