It is often considered that all Soviet furniture was from Eastern Europe. This is not quite a true statement because in different periods in the USSR, various factories produced furniture of sufficiently high quality, which differed in style directions. Conventionally, Soviet-style furniture can be divided into three stages:
- the period of the 30-50s stylistically represents the "Stalin Empire Style", which is characterized by large-sized furniture, made from an array of natural woods, decorated with a pompous and artsy decor;
- the period of the 60-70s - the minimalism of the “Khrushchev thaw”, furniture became popular at this time, the main advantage of which was an inexpensive price, convenience and small size, furniture sets became fashionable for the first time;
- the period of the 80s was for furniture time the same type of massive walls, faceless kitchen sets, made of cheap plywood with poor quality coating.
The production of furniture from the Soviet period did not shine with diversity, but representatives of the furniture family of the socialist era can still be found in the apartments of our mothers and grandmothers. Today, the restoration of Soviet furniture with their own hands and the decoration of modern interiors with household items from the past century are very popular. Restoration and decoration of such furnishings for many has become a kind of hobby and a favorite way to spend free time.
Alteration of old furniture
Do not throw away the old Soviet furniture, which is characterized by high-quality performance and durability. There is a large number of ideas on how to extend its service life and make it so that it becomes an adornment of the modern design of any room. The first stage of restoration involves the repair and alteration of old furniture:
- First of all, it is necessary to remove as much as possible all dust accumulated over the years with a vacuum cleaner, and to remove all contaminants with warm water, soap and a sponge;
- using emery paper or a special grinding tool, remove all delaminations on wooden surfaces, cracks and irregularities on old Soviet furniture, seal them with a putty, dry them well and polish them again;
- replace the old broken fittings, pick up the material to strengthen the openings of shaky canopies for doors;
- strengthen (if there is such a need) furniture legs.
It should be understood that it is necessary to redo those items of Soviet life, which are made of natural wood. Such an environment for the home never goes out of fashion, so the alteration of Soviet furniture will allow you to get in the interior an original object made of natural material that can serve for many more years.
The next step will be the decoration of the furnishings in order.
Decorating old furniture
Today, there are a large number of techniques that will allow any piece of furniture from the last century to get a new life and blend harmoniously into modern interiors. The fascinating process of decorating Soviet-era furniture is not particularly difficult and is accessible to everyone.
One of the most spectacular and popular ways is considered the use of decoupage technique, which came to us from France. Translated from the French word "decoupage" means "cut." However, the historical roots of this extraordinary decor go back to twelfth century China. It is believed that poor Chinese peasants were the first to decorate the furniture with carved pictures.
This technique is used to decorate absolutely any things, old Soviet furniture is no exception. The drawing is pre-selected and cut out in accordance with the size of the item to be decorated and the composition that the designer intended. As such decor you can use:
- paper napkins, different in structure, design, pattern;
- fabrics, natural or artificial, having a smooth or printed pattern;
- fragments of wallpaper with flat or bulk surfaces;
- notes, cards, cards;
- pieces of natural or artificial leather with various types of embossing.
The choice of material, design and composition of the future for decoupage depends only on the individual preferences of the artist and the style of the room for which the object is decorated. The drawing, which is applied to the surface of the furniture, can strictly follow the stylistic direction or become a bright accent in the room.
You will need scissors, PVA glue, a sponge or a soft roller, brush, varnish. The process of registration in the decoupage technique consists of several stages:
- PVA glue diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 1;
- from the selected material, carefully cut out the contours of the future decor with scissors;
- an even thin layer of glue is applied on a dry surface with a brush;
- cut out the pattern gently, with slow movements, smooth with a roller or sponge so that the surfaces of the decorative material and the piece of furniture are in perfect contact with each other;
- put a thin layer of glue, dry and put another layer of glue;
- thoroughly dried and coated with a thin layer of varnish.
Such furnishings look very harmonious in the rooms of the most diverse stylistic trends. Even the old Soviet kitchen furniture made using decoupage technique can become a pride and an indicator of the good taste of the hostess.
In addition to the decoupage technique, other, equally interesting methods and techniques can be used to decorate furniture from the times of the Soviet Union:
- painting furnishings of different colors and structure with colors that allow you to create the effect of a bronze, gold or silver coating, which helps to decorate the furniture, which will organically complement any style solution of the room;
- The Craquelure technique offers, using a special lacquer coating, to artificially age pieces of furniture and give them a touch of antiquity and the charm of a historical past;
- Pasting with self-adhesive film is the easiest way to restore old furniture: films that imitate various types of natural wood are very popular.
An unusual decorative effect can be obtained if you use the method of dyeing through lace. To do this, on the surface of the old Soviet cabinet, table or bedside table fix the lace canvas and paint furniture through it. The result is an unusually light airy decor.
Strangely enough, but very often the sofas, chairs and armchairs of the Soviet times turn out to be better and more reliable than modern analogs. If you put in order upholstered furniture from the USSR, it will serve its owners for a long time and will become an unusual accent in the general style of the room.
The further the era of the Soviet Union goes, the stronger the desire of a modern person to preserve pieces of furniture from Soviet times and give them a new life. This explains the fact that the designers of the new millennium willingly restore Soviet furniture and use it as a unique decorative element of the most sophisticated interiors.