In the tropics anthurium varieties are numerous. For cultivation in a culture medium, several, differing in the color and shape of the inflorescence, the color of the bedspread, and the configuration of the leaves were selected. Mostly in the apartments can be found red anthurium with a bright yellow pestle. Also popular are burgundy, white, light purple, pink shades of bedspreads.
Anthurium: home care
When a room grower, a freshman Anthurium, throws out the first flower arrows, their appearance is surprising - the buds turn out to be green. Only poured in, they change color to the appropriate type and grade. Its intensity depends on the illumination: the brighter the light, the richer the color.
If the room flower anthurium has large decorative leaves, it is desirable to establish a support and tie up the stems to avoid their falling. Require attention and aerial roots of the flower: they must be periodically sprayed and sprinkled with earth.
A flower purchased at the store requires a transplant in two years. How to transplant anthurium correctly? Stock up on a pot of the right size. It should be wider than the previous one, but not by much, a maximum of two centimeters, so that all the energy of the plant is not spent on the formation of new roots, and the flower shoots are deprived of it. Even a very careful care in this case does not help: the plant will be alive, vigorously growing, but you may be faced with the fact that the anthurium does not bloom or blooms little.
The lump with the plant is transferred to a new tank, at the bottom of which lies a layer of expanded clay for drainage, and the free space is filled with fresh soil. The importance of drainage is difficult to overestimate - it protects the roots of plants from waterlogging and, consequently, from fungal diseases. When anthurium transplantation is usually seated.
Soil needed, designed specifically for aroid plants or floral versatile. If you are using garden soil, do not take black earth or clay - indoor anthurium plant requires light, well-aerated soil. It should be a lot of peat, some sawdust, wood chips, moss.
Having passed a flower into a new dish and filled the free space with earth, compact the soil well.
The usual transplant time, which is recommended to transplant any flower - spring. Within a month after the procedure, provide sparing conditions for the flower: water moderately, do not apply fertilizer, do not put it in direct sunlight.
Having strengthened, the anthurium will turn into a blooming miracle and will bestow flower emitters periodically ejected for several months. And to bloom was almost uninterrupted, properly care for him.
How to water the anthurium?
Again, recall that this flower is tropical in origin, which means it needs warmth and high humidity. However, anthurium watering, of course, loves, but it is impossible to overdo it. This can cause mold on the soil that threatens the health of the plant.
In winter, anthurium is watered once a week, in summer - at least two. However, watch the condition of the earthy coma - it should not dry out at any time of the year. Another prerequisite for a flower is sufficient moisture. Too dry air, often found in urban apartments, is very undesirable for a genetically predisposed to a humid tropical climate.
Take care of its moisture - spray the leaves. Avoid water on the flowers - this can cause ugly stains on them. Water for irrigation and spraying should be without the presence of chlorine. Plumbing requires settling or passing through a household filter. You can water under the root or through the pan.
During the period when the plant does not bloom, you can arrange a shower for it: water the leaves on both sides of the shower head under sufficient pressure and hot water (tolerable for the hands). This will clean the plant not only from dust, but also from possible pests. In summer, you can even take out the anthurium under the rain, it will please him. Of course, if the weather is windless and the rain is warm.
How to choose a fertilizer for anthurium?
Anthurium at home for periodic rearing, flowering and reproduction requires periodic supplements. Top dressing can be in the form of:
- pressed cylinders;
The first dressing can be made already at planting. To do this, choose a fertilizer with a prolonged action: tablets, capsules, cylinders. Their action lasts the entire season.
You can multiply the anthurium during transplantation. This is done in several ways:
- aerial roots.
When the plant is transplanted, stalks with roots are separated from the general array and immediately rooted into prepared containers with suitable soil. This is a division of the bush.
In order to propagate a flower by cutting, it is necessary to cut off the top of the stem and place it in a peat substrate for rooting.
The deciduous air roots of anthurium can be rooted when placed in a nutrient mixture. After some time, young sprouts will grow from them.
How else does anthurium reproduce? Seed, but this method is advisable only for breeders to bring new varieties and hybrids.
Non-communicable diseases are common to all flower crops. Anthurium is no exception. The leaves of the plant turn yellow not because autumn has come and the time of leaf fall is approaching: this flower in nature is an evergreen. The cause of the disease leaves are looking for violations of the content of the pet.
It may be improper watering: too rare, hard or very cold water. Perhaps he does not have enough nitrogen feeding. Or, on the contrary, an excess of fertilizers had an effect. Anthurium dries from lack of light. And if there is a lot of light, the leaves are likely to lighten and turn yellow. The leaves are also affected by the stressful temperature of the anthurium: heat burn or frostbite from touching the cold winter glass. Eliminate these shortcomings, and the plants you grow will rejoice with a flowering view.